AskDefine | Define entomophilous

Dictionary Definition

entomophilous adj : of flowering plants (especially orchids etc) that are pollinated by insects [ant: anemophilous]

Extensive Definition

Entomophily is a form of pollination whereby pollen is distributed by insects, particularly bees, Lepidoptera (e.g. butterflies and moths), flies and beetles. Entomophilous species frequently evolve mechanisms to make themselves more appealing to insects, e.g. brightly colored or scented flowers, nectar, or appealing shapes and patterns. Pollen grains of entomophilous plants are generally larger than the fine pollens of anemophilous (wind pollinated) plants. They usually are of more nutritional value to insects, who may use them for food and inadvertently spread them to other flowers.
The word is artificially derived from the Greek: entomo-/εντομο- "that which is cut in pieces or engraved/segmented", hence "insect"; and phily from φίλη, "that which is loved".
Entomophilous species include the sunflower, orchid, and cycad.

Footnotes

entomophilous in Catalan: Entomofília
entomophilous in German: Entomophilie
entomophilous in Estonian: Putuktolmlemine
entomophilous in French: Fécondation entomophile
entomophilous in Korean: 충매화
entomophilous in Italian: Impollinazione entomofila
entomophilous in Lithuanian: Entomofilija
entomophilous in Japanese: 虫媒花
entomophilous in Polish: Owadopylność
entomophilous in Portuguese: Entomofilia
entomophilous in Russian: Энтомофильные растения
entomophilous in Vietnamese: Thụ phấn nhờ côn trùng
entomophilous in Ukrainian: Комахозапилення
entomophilous in Chinese: 蟲媒花
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